World Work Book
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One of the most pressing challenges facing the employer, is to increase productivity. The higher this indicator, the more efficiently the labor is used - the most valuable resource available to the company. Methods of measuring labor productivity In the process of evaluating the performance of personnel, factors of labor productivity and profitability of production are taken into account. Any production can be considered highly profitable only with good productivity, reducing the cost of production. Therefore, it is important to monitor the dynamics of changes in this indicator and take the necessary measures in time if the expected growth is not observed. There are many conditions affecting labor productivity: wages and the general economic situation, the reliability of production equipment, the presence of additional incentives. Sometimes even the weather matters. Adverse weather conditions can significantly reduce the productivity of workers in agricultural enterprises. In order to understand whether the labor productivity of personnel is increasing or decreasing, different methods are applied: labor productivity is accompanied by two indicators - production and labor intensity. Production is a direct indicator showing how much work (goods, services) is done by one or several employees per unit of time. The formula by which production is determined looks like: BP = CO: B, where B is the production of output per unit of time, CO is the value of output in rubles, and T is the amount of time it took to produce goods in that amount. Laboriousness is an inverse indicator reflecting the costs of human labor and is calculated by the formula: T = B: CO, where T is labor intensive, and indicators CO and B are taken from the previous formula. In this case, the complexity can be planned, regulatory or actual. Ways to increase labor productivity Analysis performed using one of the methods described above, or a combination of them, makes it possible to identify the weak points of the production process and develop an action plan to improve the situation. It is necessary to take into account the generally recognized factors of productivity growth: production automation, reducing costs; competent organization of the workflow, eliminating the possibility of downtime and positively affecting the productivity of staff in general; the use of the mechanism of management and accumulation of knowledge, which increases the efficiency of the work of managers, engineers, and craftsmen; reduction of non-production costs; improving working conditions, creating a favorable atmosphere in the team; increasing loyalty of staff; motivation, including - material. The last point is especially important, since wages and labor productivity are closely related. It is difficult to overestimate the motivating function of wages. The regularity of payments, a fair and transparent wage system, the compliance of wages with market indicators, bonuses and bonuses are proven ways to maintain personnel stability and maximize employee involvement in the work process.